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Getting Down to the Basics of Diabetes Diabetes is a disorder which makes the blood sugar levels are above the level that is standard. This results from the inability of the glucose to get into the cells. For their meals that are glucose, the cells begin starving because of this. The entire body obtains glucose in the food. The liver and muscles also supply your body with glucose. The sugar is transported through the bloodstream through the body. Diabetes is caused by the blood sugar level that is high. Diabetes can cause serious health problems like heart diseases, blindness, and kidney failure. It is important for patients who have diabetes to have a physician that will be closely monitoring and treat their cholesterol levels and their blood pressure. They will be able to run glucose levels tests. There are different kinds of diabetes but the basic features are the same. There is an inherent reason why the body isn’t able to use the degree of sugar for energy that leads to the degree of sugar from the body to accumulate over the level that is standard. The principal kinds of diabetes are two: type2 and type 1. Type 1 is diagnosed in children and young adults where the pancreas doesn’t make any insulin. In type 2 diabetes the body is not able to make enough insulin. At times the cells in the body ignore the insulin. This makes them to not use glucose the way they are supposed to. Insulin resistance is the name used to refer to the cells ignoring insulin.
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There is a type of diabetes that pregnant women get called gestational diabetes. If it is not treated it can cause problems for both the mother and baby and will disappear when the pregnancy is over. The risk factors for type 2 diabetes include old age, obesity, family history of diabetes, impaired glucose tolerance and physical inactivity. For type 1 diabetes genetic and environmental factors are involved by the risk factors.
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An individual should go to a doctor for a diagnosis if they think that they have diabetes. The symptoms include extreme hunger, excessive thirst, unexplained weight loss, frequent urination, sudden vision changes and feeling of the time. The skin may be dry and have sores that are slow to heal. For diabetes type 1, the signs may include sudden vomiting or stomach aches that are sharp. There are various things which will need to be done to control diabetes. For type 1 diabetes, physical activity, healthful eating, and insulin injections are the basic therapies. The quantities of insulin have to be balanced with food intake and daily activities. Patients with type 1 diabetes should have their blood glucose levels closely monitored through frequent blood glucose testing. The basic therapies for type 2 diabetes have been physical activity, eating, and blood sugar testing.